I continue to analyze my lectures and notes on teaching methods. If you want to use these articles as educational material, then I suggest that you complete the task at the end of the note, it will allow you to better understand the topic spanish to english.
By reference materials in this note, I mean all sources of information about the language and teaching methods that a teacher can refer to when preparing for a lesson. This includes dictionaries, grammar guides, books on teaching methods, articles about teaching foreign languages in thematic journals, books for teachers that are usually attached to teaching materials, and online resources.
When we plan classes, the need for reference materials may arise for various reasons. Among the most common causes are the following.
The need to clarify the form and rules for the use of grammatical structure. There are very detailed grammar guides written specifically for teachers. There are also grammar guides about japanese to english designed specifically for students and adapted to different levels of language proficiency. As a rule, they use simpler language, and only the basic grammar rules are considered. Grammar guides for students can help the teacher understand what exactly the student needs to know about a particular grammatical phenomenon, as well as decide how best to present and explain this phenomenon. Some grammar guides also include exercises that can be useful both for students (for mastering the material) and for the teacher (for preparing for the lesson).
The need to check the spelling, pronunciation and features of the use of lexical units. For these purposes, one can, for example, use dictionaries that publishers characterize as “advanced learners’ dictionaries”. In them you can find examples of the use of words in a sentence, as well as information about the form of words and the features of their use. Most modern dictionaries come with a CD-ROM. Many well-known dictionaries such as Cambridge Dictionary, Oxford Dictionary, Macmillan have an online version that can be used for free (there are advertising banners on the sites).
Professional Development. The teacher needs to be aware of both the changes taking place in the language and the trends and new approaches to teaching and learning foreign languages. For these purposes, you can use both books on the specialty and online resources. So, for beginner English teachers, Diane Larsen-Freeman “Techniques and Principles in Language Teaching” can be
recommended as a reference book on the methodology (the book is quite old, there is no electronic version, you can order a paper version on Amazon, on sites like www.englishtips.org you can search for a scanned version), the “How to teach…” series (not all books in the series are equally successful, but “How to teach grammar” and “How to teach vocabulary” turned out to be very useful for me at one time), and books on method by Penny Ur and Jeremy Harmer. Also, don’t forget online resources such as Scott Thornbury’s English language teaching blog An A-Z of ELT, EFL Magazine for English teachers, or Lingholic, a site for anyone interested in foreign languages.
The need to find new approaches to teaching and new tasks. If we are looking for new approaches to learning, or want to perform tasks with students that differ from those offered by the main textbook, then we can use additional materials on grammar, vocabulary, or certain types of speech activity (by additional materials in this note I mean training materials that can be used along with the main textbook). A huge number of manuals have been written for English teachers, many of which contain detailed recommendations on how best to present and explain the material. There are also a huge number of sites where you can find materials for classes.
Desire to understand how best to use textbook materials. Most modern teaching materials come with a teacher’s book, where you can find lesson plans and tips on working with the material. These tips and plans may not always apply to a particular learning situation, but they are worth studying and, if necessary, adapting to your needs.